The definitive treatment of cataract is primarily surgical. Over the years, the surgical technique has undergone a revolutionconcerning each, technique and patient outcomes. Today, cataract surgery is each safe and effective. In an effort to anyimprove patient comfort, the advancement in technology suggests that quicker recovery and higher visual rehabilitation.
It began with small-incision cataract surgery with Associate in Nursing incision but 4mm in size, as against a 12-14 millimetreincision in typical cataract surgery (called extracapsular cataract extraction). The introduction of phacoemulsificationmodified cataract surgery forever, heralding the onset of refined mechanization. the foremost important advancement during this regard area unit, one, a decrease within the size of the incision, and two, the employment of premium IOLs. the most recent within the former is that the development of the surgical technique, Microincision Cataract Surgery (MICS); whereverincision size is a smaller amount than 2mm in size.